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Excursion to the area of the Water Mills & the Water Fountain


The Water Mill

The area of the Water Mill includes ten water mills that operated until the early 1960s in the Anthousa gorge and enabled the inhabitants of Parga and the entire region to secure their basic food, bread.

Water fountain

In the old days when all the housewives in the village were weaving on the loom, the water squeezers were closely connected to everyday life and were used by putting them in water to open the wool (making clothes) and to wash the woolen covers, the bedspreads, the blankets and the clothes of the loom and to give a nice appearance to the bride’s clothes.

The washing of clothes is done throughout the year but more so after Easter when the housewives would clean their houses and put away their winter clothes. In the water mill there were also the mandans which are large wooden hammers that the force of the water would beat the woolen clothes to make them hairy and softer and warmer.

The water fountain is a wooden bucket shaped like a cone.It is assembled by wedging together wedge shaped planks and tied peripherally with iron pots.Because it resembles a barrel it is usually made of barrels rather than carpentry.

Most of it is buried deep in the ground so that there is no danger of the walls opening up from water pressure.

In the pre-industrial period in Greece, water mills and water mills were the most common water-powered installations.

They also made a significant contribution to the daily economic and social life of the area as, in addition to washing clothes, they were also a meeting place, especially for women.

The water mills and water mills are undoubtedly monuments of popular architecture. Stone-built imposing magical. It also contributed significantly to the daily N economic life of the place as along with the washing of clothes it was also a meeting place mainly of women the water mills and my water mills for Anafi vola with a folk architecture. Stone-built, imposing, enchanting (since water is associated with legends and myths) they offer a unique theme with the swirling of their waters that drift the clothes and swirl them.

The falling water causes the creation of eddies that entangle the clothes from bottom to top and the resulting friction of the clothes with the water gives another aspect to the woven and thick clothes, they become fluffy, fluffy and the warps and wefts create a body.

Thus we understand that the effectiveness of water abrasion relies on the momentum of water while for practical reasons detergent is forbidden.

There are two types of water sander:

The larger diameter spinners in which the water is ejected from the mouth of the barge onto its wall, creating a rotary motion.

The dippers in which the wagon was more upright and the water was thrown almost vertically.

The correct calculation of the time each weaver spends in the bucket demonstrates the art of the water-grinder or drifter. If it stayed less time the result was unsatisfactory, and if it stayed longer it could be destroyed.

15 to 20 minutes is enough, since the crystal water which is naturally renewed and constantly spins the clothes does all the work without the addition of detergents but only by the great pressure and oxygen it releases.

From another point of view, the tradition once again teaches us lessons in economy and exploitation of renewable energy sources and respect for the environment. Ecology, economy, love of nature or tradition are the reasons why a visit to the water mill will take us back to other times and make us think about the household economy in other terms.


Daily 09:45, 11:45 , 18:00


Adults 9 €
Children 6 €
Children up to 6 years old Free